Between 5 August 2019 and 5 August 2020, the Committee on Individual Compensation for Victims of WWII Transports made available a scheme, commissioned by NS, for victims of transports carried out by NS during the Second World War. The Committee is considering all the requests it received before the closing date, 5 August 2020, and is expected to publish its final report in the second quarter of 2021. In addition, and in line with the Committee’s recommendation, NS has provided a total of €5 million in financial support for the remembrance centres in Westerbork, Vught, Amersfoort and Oranjehotel. NS has made this gesture in recognition of the suffering and fate of the large group of transported prisoners who were not eligible for individual compensation. They include members of the Jewish, Sinti and Roma communities who did not survive the war and had no surviving relatives, as well as resistance fighters, political prisoners and people sentenced to forced labour. The role of NS during the war has been the subject of a great many publications and extensive research. However, the Committee stated that historical research had so far failed to cover the full scope of ‘war-time transports’, and recommended further in-depth research into this topic. The NIOD then assumed this mandate by initiating preliminary research, which it expects to be able to complete in 2021.